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There are various theories about the early Eymans and Imans linked to the Hardy settlers who arrived there as late as 1786. These weren't the earliest settlers to the hills, but there were three of them -- a Christian, a Peter, a Jacob, and an Abraham within several years. I believe that these were patriots who had served in local militia of Upper Paxtang in the Revolutionary War. Christian Iman/Eyman, who I take as the father of Emanuel, also did militia service in Cumberland. There is evidence that he and his brother Jacob spent time finding and protecting land from squatters in a variety of neighborhoods west of the Susquehanna shortly after the revolutionary war. |
Most Eymans point to the Conestoga/Manor Eymans of Ulrich, the late arriver in 1763. There are two Christian Eymans buried at Fehl's Farm in Conestoga very near Postlethwaite's Tavern, apparently near where Eyman lands were. According to (Graveyard on farm of Henry Lantz Fehl, by Albert H. Gerberich, Ph.D., Bethesda, Md.) This graveyard is on the north side of Long Lane on the site of old Postlewaite's Tavern, Conestoga Township, Lancaster Co., PA One gravestone apparently suggests a Christian who died in 1822 at age 82 (therefore likely birth 1740), and another died 9/6/1834 at age 74 (est birth 1760). A wife, Susanna, age 54 is also buried there, having died 3/1/26.(Not sure if she's the wife of the first or the second;-)
If you look carefully at military records, there's a distinction between the Conestoga Eymans and those who were out in the western reaches of the county along the Susquehanna. These seem to be the children of Ulrich's nephew who actually arrived before the old man -- who soon died. Jacob's last name he spelled Eiman on the boat manifest for the St. Andrews in 1749 -- likely reflecting the years he'd spent in the French Alsatian area bordering the Donnersberg Eymans who came later. Eymans in those decades were professional farm managers and migrated some as opportunities for undertaking the management of estates arose.
People have a variety of beliefs about Emanuel's father's death as well. Some believe that he died at Hardy and was taken back to Lancaster or burial at Fehls. That seems very unwarrented based on dates of the tombstones. I believe, and several records suggest that upon the court sale of the mill and lands he had on the South Branch (he'd mortgaged equipment and couldn't make payments), he sold other lands back to United Brethren church representatives in Rockinghan, retaining some of the land for sons, and I believe that Christian and Catherine at quite a senior age, walked to Southern Illinois near 1820+. There was a very large family in county and federal census that year, and there was an inconsistency which required resolution. One had said that the "head" of household was Christian Iman, while the other noted the head as "Henry" Iman, who we know to be an eldest son of Christian and Catherine -- thus an older brother of Emanuel. At this point in Southern Illinois there were only a few elderly people, with most being young. In this household were a senior male and female over the age of 45, and we don't believe that Henry would have been that old at the period in time.
No records have been found recording the death of Imans in Monroe or St. Clair County of Southern Illinois near 1820, and that reflects weaknesses of record keeping as much as anything. Imans had lived along the rivers edge, though they may have moved shortly up on the prairie. A number were buried at Miles Eagle Cliffs overlooking the Mississippi River, but stones for that burial area were long broken and unreadable. Iman children of the period were associated with a Whiteside family from North Carolina, and that family also had a graveyard in a nearby farm location. It's only recently than piles of old gravestones were found plowed toward a thicket at a bottom in order to clear away land for planting by some farmer. This might be a local setting for Iman remnants, though there are no solid records or clear pointers to date.